Excessive fluid exposure to the body is called hydration or dehydration (English: dehydration). For the human body to work, at least 8 glasses (1 litre) of liquid is necessary for the body, depending on the capacity and age of the person to work.
Dehydration – Symptoms, Treatment and Reasons
What is dehydration?
Dehydration is a condition that occurs when you lose excess fluid (most of the water) from your body and the amount that you have taken is more than that. When dehydration occurs, the body gets more water than the cells that you had previously drunk. It is a natural phenomenon that we all lose water from our body through plasters, urine, breathing and sweating all the time. But when we lose too much water, then the body’s metabolism can be out of control. Severe dehydration can eventually cause death.
There are many situations in which the body can rapidly lose water and cause dehydration, such as:
- Too much practice and risk for extreme heat
- Increased mutation due to infection, vomiting and diarrhoea
- Diseases like diabetes
- Being disabled, inability to find suitable food and water when required by the body, there is no access to uncontrolled and fresh drinking water
- Skin injuries such as mouth lesions and wounds
- A severe skin disease that loses water through damaged skin
More information about dehydration:
Since dehydration can actually be fatal, always try to build those people who are dehydrated to take fluid, even though they are vomiting. Dipping a little amount of water at a time, or drinking electrolytes containing a drink (sports drink) is an effective way to treat the symptoms of dehydration. Another way to get rid of dehydration is to suck on ice chips or popsicles made of fruits and sports drinks. For those who have wounds of the mouth or have jaw surgery, fluid flows through such straws is effective for such patients. One of the most important remedies for dehydration is preventing this situation and thus increasing the intake of fluid. Always plan and take extra water when you are going for outdoor events, where you can increase heat stress and sweat. Encourage yourself and your loved ones to replace the fluid at the rate that is equal to the loss.
During high index days, avoid exposure to heat. Plan your events that should be carried out during the daytime when the temperature is cooler. Ensure that whatever is old, disabled or inaccessible, it is encouraged to drink an adequate supply of fluid and water is provided to supplement the water. Lose. If you are doing any activity in the heat, wear loose-fitting, light-coloured clothes.
Last but not least, because the consumption of alcohol increases water damage and also reduces your ability to understand the initial signs of dehydration. Avoid drinking alcohol when the temperature is very hot.
Dehydration or water shortage occurs when there is no water in your body as much as the water body is required. Without adequate water, your body can not work properly. Depending on how much fluid is in your body, you may be victims of light, moderate and severe dehydration.
Anyone can be a victim of dehydration, but this condition is particularly dangerous for young children and older adults.
The most common cause of dehydration in young children is vomiting and diarrhoea, old adults have a natural amount of water in their bodies naturally.
This means that chronic diseases such as an infection affecting the lungs and bladder can cause dehydration in the elderly.
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If you do not drink enough water during the hot season, then there can be a shortage of water in any age group, especially when you are performing the observation.
You can generally reverse moderate dehydration by drinking excess fluid, but severe dehydration requires immediate medical attention.
Symptoms of Dehydration
Thirst is not always a reliable indicator of the need for a water body, many people especially grew adults, unless they are already dehydrated, they do not feel thirsty. This is the reason, during the hot season or when you become ill. Then it is necessary to increase the intake of water.
Reduced water in the body may vary by age, such as-
An infant or young children
1. Dry mouth or tongue.
2. No crying when crying.
3. 3 to 5 hours of the absence of urination.
4. Cheeks and eyes were stained.
5. Soft spot on the top of the scalp.
6. Suicide or irritability.
Symptoms of adults
1. Getting more thirsty.
2. Reduced urination.
3. Piss coming in dark colour.
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4. Tiredness |
5. Dizziness and confusion.
Sometimes due to simple reasons the body also lacks water, like you do not drink enough water because you are sick, busy, on a journey, on a long walk, which does not reach your safe water.
Other reasons include:
1. Severe vomiting and severe diarrhoea, which occur suddenly and violently, can cause serious damage to the body water,
2. In general, the more fever you may have, the more dehydrated it is, and if there is a fever with diarrhoea and vomiting, the situation becomes more serious.
3. If you are working hard and sweating from the body, you are not taking enough amount of water after this, then it can cause water loss in the body. Especially in a hot and humid climate.
4. Increase in urine, it can be caused by unknown or diabetes, it can also cause dehydration.
5. Some medicines which are blood pressure or diuretic, which cause more urination, can also cause dehydration.
Anyone can become dehydrated, but some people have more risk. Babies and children can become vulnerable to severe dehydration because of vomiting and diarrhoea because they weaken for this reason. Due to these reasons and fever, they lose the ratio of their fluid. Little children often can not tell you that they are thirsty, nor can they manage their own drinks.
As you become adults, your body’s fluid reserves will get smaller. So the ability to collect water decreases. With this your ability to drink water also decreases. This problem is associated with chronic diseases like diabetes mellitus and some medicines. Older adults also have mobility problems, which limits their ability to get water.
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People with chronic diseases, due to uncontrolled or untreated diabetes, increase the risk of dehydration. Kidney disease also increases your risk, such as medicines that increase urination. Even a cold or sore throat is more sensitive to the body’s lack of water. Because you lose the desire to eat and drink when you get sick. People who work, or do exercise, especially when the heat and humidity are high, dehydration can occur, if there is not enough water.
Dehydration can lead to serious complications, which include,
- Heat injury If you have not done enough fluids, you are working hard or doing exercise, and you are shedding a lot of sweat. So it can be fatal for you.
- Problems of Urine and Kidney Due to long-term or repeated diseases of discharge, urinary tract infections, kidney stone and even kidney failure can occur.
- Low blood volume and shock can also be one of the complications of severe and sometimes life-threatening, dehydration.
To avoid the lack of water in the body, use lots of fluids, and eat high liquids such as fruits and vegetables.
The people need to drink more fluids if they are facing these conditions, like,
1. Vomiting or diarrhoea- If your child is vomiting or diarrhoea, start giving additional water or oral rehydration solution with the first symptom of the disease. Do not wait till drainage.
2. Strong Practice – Normally, it is best to hydrate the day before practice, clearly constructing thin urine is a good sign. You are well hydrated, during the activity, replenish the fluid at regular intervals.
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3. Hot or cold weather – To reduce the temperature of your body, and to change the sweat you lose, you will have to drink extra water in hot or humid weather. Especially at high places, you should drink extra water to deal with it.
4. Disease- Increased adults are most likely to suffer from dehydration during a slight illness. Such as influenza, bronchitis, infection in the bladder etc. Whenever you are feeling good, try to drink extra water.
Your physician can often diagnose dehydration on the basis of physical symptoms and symptoms, if you have become dehydrated, then you have the possibility of low blood pressure, faster than your normal heart rate and your blood flow to the body Maybe.
You may have other tests to confirm the diagnosis and indicate the degree of dehydration. like
Blood Testing – Blood samples can be used to examine many factors, such as the levels of your electrolytes, especially sodium and potassium and knowing how good your kidney is doing.
Urine Analysis- The investigation was done on your urine can tell whether you are dehydrated, and at what degree, they can also check the bladder infection.
The only effective treatment for the lack of water in the body is to replace lost fluid and electrolytes. The best way to treat dehydration depends on age, the severity of dehydration and its cause.
For babies and children who are dehydrated by diarrhoea, vomiting or fever, use oral rehydration solutions such as pediatric or hydrate. These solutions have water and salt in a specific proportion to fill both fluid and electrolytes.
Start with one spoon (5 ml) with every one to five minutes, and keep the interval rate interval growing, it can be easy to use syringes for very young children. Slim sports drinks can be given to older children. Use Gatorade or Powered one part water and one part water.
Adults with moderate dilution with diarrhoea, vomiting or fever can improve their condition by feeding more water or other fluids. Full power fruit juices and soft drinks can worsen the situation.
If you work and work outside during hot or humid weather. So cold water is the best tonic, drinkable electrolytes and carbohydrate can also be useful.