What are birth control pills?
Birth control pills are drugs to prevent unwanted pregnancy (also called oral contraceptive pills or OCPs) in which women have a certain amount of two hormones, called estrogen and progesterone, or both. These pills are formulated to alter the hormonal level during each menstruation to prevent ovulation and pregnancy.
Types of birth control pills
Various hormonal contraceptive pills are now commercially available. Most tablets contain progestin only (progesterone) or both estrogen and progestin in a fixed proportion.
Birth control pills are the easiest way to avoid unwanted pregnancy. But women who keep consuming it for a long time have to face many physical and mental problems related to health. Women who consume these pills for a long period of time can be emotionless. Which can have a direct negative impact on their personal relationships.
YASMIN ( drospirenone/ethinyl estradiol) is most commonly used medicine for birth control.
Method of intake
Women should start taking these pills within the first 5 days of menstruation and need to use condoms for 7 days for extra protection. These pills should be taken at the same time every day.
How safe are birth control pills?
Generally, oral contraceptive pills are mostly safe for women with no current disease and who are not taking long-term medications. However, there are some situations in which doctors may optimize the dose or may recommend any other method of contraception to avoid side effects of medications.
The following is a list of conditions and medicines in which you have OCP Need to avoid:
Pregnancy and the first few weeks after delivery: Pregnancy itself is a natural method of contraception, so if you are pregnant there is no way that your body can conceive again and you do not need contraception. The first 4-6 weeks after delivery, especially when you breastfeed, it is better to have OCP. Avoid taking.
- Chronic or pre-existing cardiac problems, such as coronary disease, cardiac arrest or volvulus conditions
- Long bone fracture, unhealthy obesity, stroke or bedsore, tending to venous thrombosis in the lower limbs
- Hereditary bleeding disorder Hemophilia)
- Prolonged or complicated hypertension or diabetes
- Connective tissue disorders, such as systemic lupus erythematosus
- Hepatic or hepatic impairment, chronic liver disease
- Patients on long-term warfarin or anti-epileptic drugs
How do birth control pills work?
Combined birth control pills containing two hormones stop producing ovum. Also, it thickens the mucus around your uterus so that sperm cannot pass through it. A mini pill with a hormone does its job only by thickening the mucus. But sometimes they also stop producing your eggs according to the dosage.
Benefits of birth control pills:
Using birth control pills is considered the most effective way to avoid unwanted pregnancy. Contraceptive drugs not only prevent pregnancy but also regulate irregular menstrual cycle. Hormone-related irregularities are found in women suffering from PCOS, which is why some women suffering from PCOS recommend taking birth control pills. Apart from this, women who do not want a second child or want to keep a gap between the two children, according to the doctor’s advice should take these pills regularly. It is considered better to eat birth control pills at the same time every day.
Apart from this, the best advantage of birth control pills is that now you can enjoy sex anytime you feel free and stop taking the pills whenever you want to get pregnant. Contraceptive pills have higher success rates than other contraceptive measures. According to a report released by the World Health Organization, if contraceptive medicines are used properly, their success rate is 99%.
Things to remember about the contraceptive pill:
1- If you are a patient of any serious heart or liver disease or you are suffering from uncontrolled high blood pressure then do not take these pills or contact the doctor.
2- Women with breast cancer should also not take birth control pills.
3- The contraceptive pill does not protect against sexually transmitted diseases in any way. Therefore, to protect against these diseases, use condoms during sex as a precaution.
4- The effect of these contraceptive medicines is less in obese women. If you are obese then talk to the doctor about this before taking these medicines.
5- Eat birth control pills regularly, do not forget to take the pill for a single day.
Some such side effects of birth control pills
Headache: – Women can complain of headache and migraine by taking birth control pills.
Nausea: Women who consume contraceptive pills have a common problem of nausea or nausea. If you also feel that you are having nausea due to eating birth control pills, then start eating this medicine with food or before bedtime.
Swelling in the breast: – Many women start complaining of swelling in the breast by taking this medicine. If you start feeling bloated a few weeks after taking the medicine, then reduce the amount of salt in your diet, by doing this you can get rid of this problem.
Weight gain: – Consuming birth control pills for a long time can also cause you obesity. Due to these pills, fluid retention increases in different parts of the body.
Sex life affected: – Women who consume these pills for a long time, their sex life starts getting affected.
Some women may have nausea, vomiting, vertigo, headache, excess breast milk or weight gain, etc. after starting taking COC pills. Most of these symptoms will resolve on their own after a few weeks.
Birth control pill and thrombosis
Whether you are taking a contraceptive pill or not, there is a risk of thromboembolic disease. In women taking oral contraceptive pills, the risk of blood clotting in the vein is higher than in normal women, but this risk is lower than in pregnant women.
Women who take birth control pills have a higher risk of blood clotting, which can block a vein or artery. In severe cases, it may cause deep vein thrombosis, pulmonary embolism, stroke and heart disease.
Women who have a high risk of blood clotting in the vein or artery are not suitable for using birth control pills:
The following women have a relatively high risk of blood clotting in the vein: for example those who are overweight, who are older, cannot move, are pregnant, or have a family background of blood clotting in the vein is.
The following women have a relatively high risk of blood clotting in the artery: for example, those who suffer from heart disease, high blood pressure, hypercholesterolemia (increased lipid levels), diabetes, smoke, who are overweight, Those who are older, or who have a blood clotting family background in the artery.
Birth control pill and cancer
Cancer can also be caused by taking or not taking oral contraceptive pills.
Breast cancer: Among women of the same age, the chances of getting breast cancer are slightly higher than women who do not take birth control pills. This risk will gradually decrease after you stop taking birth control pills, and women who have stopped taking these pills for 10 years have the same chance of getting breast cancer as women who do not take the pill.
Vaginal (cervical) cancer: Women taking contraceptive pills have a relatively high risk of developing cervical cancer. However, the conclusion is still unclear whether increased risk of cervical cancer is directly linked to these pills; Or is it due to being sexually active at an early age, or having a previous background of sexually transmitted diseases or intercourse with more than one person.